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seo with phantomjs part 1

08 Oct 2014

this article is part of a series of articles explaining about seo and single page applications. the stack i use contains node, angular, nginx etc.
in this part we are focusing on phantomjs and how to use it to prerender a page with javascript.

phantomjs to the rescue

phantomjs is a browser that runs in the memory (no graphics required).
you install it by running npm -g install phantomjs and then verify it is available by running phantomjs --version.
since it is a browser, it can do whatever a browser can such as render css, execute javascript and so on

first thing i did was write a small snippet of code testing out phantomjs.
here is a great snippet you find when searching phantomjs get html from phantomjs official site

var webPage = require('webpage');  
var page = webPage.create();'', function (status) {  
  var content = page.content;  
  console.log('Content: ' + content);  

so i wrote a file call phantom_example.js and obviously did the same mistake like everyone else
and i ran node phantom_example.js.
and i got the following error

    throw err;  
Error: Cannot find module 'phantom'  
    at Function.Module._resolveFilename (module.js:338:15)  
    at Function.Module._load (module.js:280:25)  
    at Module.require (module.js:364:17)  
    at require (module.js:380:17)  
    at Object. <anonymous>(/full/path/scripts/phantom_example.js:2:19)  
    at Module._compile (module.js:456:26)  
    at Object.Module._extensions..js (module.js:474:10)  
    at Module.load (module.js:356:32)  
    at Function.Module._load (module.js:312:12)  
    at Function.Module.runMain (module.js:497:10)</anonymous> </pre>

after digging around i found the obvious solution. phantomjs is a command line, and not a library i include.
so running the command phantomjs phantom_example.js resolved it for me and i got the html.

running this from within my server

so this script required me to run phantomjs while i wanted to get the same result without leaving the server. this was even simpler.
turns out there are a lot of libraries that do just that
my personal favorite is phantom.
these libraries essentially run the phantomjs commandline for you.
so when you invoke them, you will see a phantomjs process running in the background
and so some of them might require you to pre-install phantomjs.
phantom is a library that requires it to be installed.
here is a script with phantom that does the same thing. running node phantom_example.js will produce the right result.

var phantom = require('phantom');  
var url = '';  
phantom.create(function (ph) {  
    return ph.createPage(function (page) { , function ( status ) {  
            if ( status === 'fail'){  
                console.log('unable to open url', status);  
            }else {  
                page.evaluate(function () {  
                    return document.documentElement.innerHTML;  
                }, function (result) {  
                    console.log( result);  


Next part

the next article will talk about crawlers and single page application where we will understand the problem and 2 solutions introduced by google and html5.

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